How To Create A UI For Your Python App


Python is without doubt one of the widespread programming languages for automating search engine optimisation processes.

One of many biggest libraries for making a front-end for our apps with none HTML, CSS data, or coding with a JavaScript-powered framework is Streamlit bundle.

On this Streamlit tutorial, we’ll dive into how one can create a stupendous app with Python and the Dockerfile for deploying your Streamlit app.

What Is Streamlit?

Streamlit is an open-source app framework (a Python bundle) that offers us the facility for creating nice-looking apps with none front-end growth data.

This makes us free from involvement in any front-end framework or coding in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

You employ pure Python to develop your front-end.

When Will The Streamlit Library Change into Helpful?

To start with, in case you are coding Python scripts that run often on a machine with a job scheduler like cron, Streamlit isn’t helpful for you.

However in case you are growing a device that you simply wish to share together with your workforce members, for instance, a key phrase analysis app, you need to use Streamlit.

Additionally, in case you want a person authentication methodology, the Streamlit group developed a bundle that may deal with it for you.

Create A Streamlit App: Getting Began

Let’s create a easy app that will get autocomplete queries for a seed key phrase from the Google public API.

Earlier than starting, create a folder in your machine, and identify it what you need.

Additionally, I’ll assume you could have put in Python earlier than and know the fundamentals of Python programming.

For the entire course of, we have to use these Python libraries:

  • Requests.
  • Streamlit.
  • Streamlit-Authenticator.
  • PyYAML.

Additionally, we’ll import a Python customary library:

The tutorial code might be present in my Streamlit starter template repository on Github.

Putting in The Streamlit Bundle

To start with, I favor to create a digital atmosphere by operating python3 -m venv .env, after which putting in the Streamlit bundle by operating pip3 set up streamlit.

Now create a Python script. Let’s name it

In complicated initiatives which have too many capabilities, I favor to have separate Python script recordsdata for my completely different capabilities after which import these into the or create a separate app with Flask or FastAPI.

For instance, in a key phrase analysis app, I’ve a Python script for various capabilities that get information from Semrush, a script for getting the highest 10 or 20 outcomes from Google, a script to get the Google autocomplete and Google-related searches, and so forth.

Get The Google Autocomplete Queries

For making requests, we have to use the Requests bundle. To get this bundle, you should run pip3 set up requests.

Additionally, to parse the autocomplete API response, we have to import the Python customary JSON library.

To start with, we import the JSON customary library, the Requests bundle for making requests, and Streamlit for creating our app.

Then, I outlined a perform for getting the Google autocomplete queries as an inventory of strings.

I used exchange perform twice to maintain every thing easy, however you need to use re library for utilizing regex.

"""A Streamlit app for getting the Google autocomplete queries
import json

import requests
import streamlit as st

def google_autocomplete(key phrase: str) -> record[str]:
    """Get Google autocomplete queries for a seed key phrase

        key phrase (str): The seed key phrase

        record[str]: A listing of the autocomplete queries
    google_autocomplete_api: str = ""
    google_autocomplete_params: dict = {
        "q": key phrase,
        "cp": 8,
        "shopper": "gws-wiz",
        "xssi": "t",
        "hl": "en-US"

    response = requests.get(google_autocomplete_api, params=google_autocomplete_params)

    list_google_autocomplete_uncleaned: record[list] = json.masses((response.content material).decode("UTF-8")[5:])[0]
    list_google_autocomplete_cleaned: record[str] = [
        element[0].exchange('<b>', '').exchange('</b>', '')
        for component in list_google_autocomplete_uncleaned

    return list_google_autocomplete_cleaned

The Streamlit App

Up till now, we have now put in the Streamlit bundle and outlined our perform to get the Google autocomplete queries. Now, let’s create the precise app.

To view the Streamlit app, we have to run the Streamlit with the run command within the terminal for operating our app domestically. After you run this command, by going to the http://localhost:8501/ URL, you may view the app.

Sure, it’s clean as a result of we didn’t add any heading, and so forth., to it.

Running the Streamlit app from a terminalScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Add A Heading To The Streamlit App

Let’s add a heading to our app. As you see above, I imported the Streamlit as st.

Now by calling the st.title() perform, we will add a heading to the web page with a title type. Let’s say st.title(“This can be a subsequent degree search engine optimisation app”).

Do not forget that after enhancing your file and saving it, an icon seems within the high proper nook of the web page, and you will need to press All the time return to view the app modifications with none web page refresh.

Always return button in the Streamlit appScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Now our app seems just like the picture beneath. In case your system theme is darkish, your app is with a darkish theme.

A look at a Streamlit app with headingScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Add Textual content To The Streamlit App

For including a textual content paragraph to the app, you should use the st.write() perform. For instance, st.write(“Make your concepts actual”).

Steamlit appScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Add A Textual content Enter To The Streamlit App

As you noticed within the Google autocomplete perform, there was an argument referred to as “key phrase”.

This argument should come from the person enter.

To get the person enter, we will use a textual content enter discipline in Streamlit. With st.text_input() we will add a textual content enter. For instance, st.text_input(“What’s your seed key phrase?”).

Additionally, with the intention to use the enter key phrase later to cross to our perform, we should assign it to a variable.

input_google_autocomplete_keyword: str = st.text_input(
    "What's your seed key phrase?")

Now we wish to run our app when there’s an enter key phrase. Right here, we use an if assertion to examine if the variable is empty or not.

if input_google_autocomplete_keyword:
    output_list_google_autocomplete: record[str] = google_autocomplete(
A look at a Streamlit app with a heading, text, and text inputScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Obtain From The Streamlit App

So, we have now added a heading, a line of textual content, and an enter textual content discipline to get the person seed key phrase.

Now we should execute our written perform and make a obtain button for the person to get the leads to a textual content file.

if output_list_google_autocomplete:
        st.download_button("Obtain the output",
                           ("n").be a part of(output_list_google_autocomplete))
A look at a Streamlit app with a heading, text, text input, and download buttonScreenshot from creator, October 2022

We constructed our easy app! Let’s change the app title and favicon.

Earlier than that, let’s see the Streamlit app part code up till now.

The Streamlit app section codeScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Change The App Title And Favicon

The default title of the app is streamlit_app · Streamlit, and the favicon of the app is the Streamlit icon.

To vary the title and favicon, we should use the st.set_page_config().

Additionally, I favor the app structure to be broad (you may take a look at it).

    page_title="Oh My App!",
The Streamlit app in the browserScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Set The App’s Default Theme

The app theme is predicated on the person’s system settings, however personally, most instances, I discover out the sunshine theme has higher distinction – and I don’t need my workforce to place their time into discovering out methods to change the app theme.

To set a default theme for the Streamlit app, first, you will need to create a folder, and identify it .streamlit. Inside this folder create a file, and identify it config.toml.

Contained in the config.toml you will need to insert the beneath traces to set your app’s default theme.

base = "gentle"
The confing.toml file code for customizing the Streamlit app themeScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Authenticating Customers In Streamlit

Think about that after you deploy your app, somebody finds out the app URL and accesses it.

To guard your app, you will need to authorize the customers earlier than they will use the app – like most SASSs we use daily.

For a Streamlit app, we will use the Streamlit-Authenticator bundle. To put in it, within the terminal situated in your app folder, kind the pip3 set up streamlit-authenticator command, and import the bundle into your app.

I like to recommend you learn the Streamlit authenticator bundle documentation to get a greater understanding of what’s going on.

import streamlit_authenticator as stauth

Now create a config.yaml file for inserting our customers’ credentials.

      electronic mail:
      identify: The primary username
      password: 12345 # Should be changed with the hashed password
      electronic mail:
      identify: The second username
      password: 111213 # Should be changed with the hashed password
  expiry_days: 30
  key: some_signature_key
  identify: some_cookie_name

As within the bundle doc you may see, now we should hash the passwords with the Hasher modules. I favor to open an IPython and run the beneath code line.

hashed_passwords = stauth.Hasher([‘12345’, ‘111213’]).generate()

Creating A Login Widget

Now we should create a login widget the place customers can enter their username, password, after which login into the app.

First, you should set up the PyYAML bundle with the pip3 set up pyyaml command and import it with the import yaml.

Then create an authenticator object, and render the login module.

with open("./config.yaml") as file:
    config = yaml.load(file, Loader=yaml.SafeLoader)

authenticator = stauth.Authenticate(

identify, authentication_status, username = authenticator.login("Login", "foremost")
The Streamlit login widgetScreenshot from creator, October 2022

Present The App To Efficiently Logged In Customers

Now we will use the authentication_status variable to see the app for our efficiently logged-in customers.

if authentication_status:
    authenticator.logout('Logout', 'foremost')
elif authentication_status == False:
    st.error('Username/password is inaccurate')
elif authentication_status == None:
    st.warning('Please enter your username and password')

Deploy The Streamlit App With Docker

Now we’re within the remaining step of growing our app.

You should utilize completely different providers for deploying your app, like AWS, Google Cloud, Azure, Heroku, DigitalOcean, and so forth.

Earlier than the Dockerfile, let’s create the necessities.txt file. To take action, we will use the pip3 freeze > necessities.txt command.

Streamlit Dockerfile

For deploying our app, I take advantage of Python 3.9.10.

FROM python:3.9.10
COPY . .
RUN pip3 set up -r necessities.txt
CMD ["streamlit", "run", ""]

Wrap Up

On this tutorial, we noticed how we will create a shocking UI with pure Python, and deploy it with Docker.

To study extra about completely different Streamlit widgets, see their well-documented API reference.

Extra assets: 

Featured Picture: Yaran/Shutterstock


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